World Health Organization


The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that plays a leading role in global issues in medicine and public health. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the organization is split into several sub-bodies, covering six different regions: the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Western Pacific, and South-East Asia. It is best known for its leading role in the coordination of the eradication of smallpox. It is involved in every aspect of health: contagious diseases, non-communicable maladies, sexual health, nutrition, food security, and more. With its relatively large budget, and reputation for excellence, the WHO is one of the most important forces guiding health policy today. Delegates competing in WHO will have the opportunity to address the many facets of public and health and will work to formulate solutions that are within WHO’s jurisdiction and resource capabilities.


Topic a

Access to Health Care for Refugees


topic a: bioterrorism

For much of modern history, most security threats could be very easily identified. The armies of the great powers—the United States, the Soviet Union, China, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, France—were the primary players in conflict. However, the recent rise of non-state actors and the advent of fourth generation warfare as put the issue of bioterrorism at the forefront of international health safety and security issues. The threat of bioterrorism has long been denied although it poses a high risk to the national security of all countries and to the health of all people on earth. The WHO defines biological agent as a pathogen that produces its effect through multiplication with a target host and is intended to cause disease or death in human beings, animals or plants.  Delegates should come prepared to address how the WHO can mitigate threats of bioterrorism while also considering how varied public health and emergency preparedness programs interact and run operations. 

Topic B: access to health care for refugees

As of 2018 there are approximately 68.5 million displaced people globally. This includes both internally displaced persons (IDPs) who account for 2/3 of the total figure and refugees (those who have crossed an international border) who make up the remaining 1/3 of the total figure. Many of these have been forcibly relocated by civil conflict or war, forcing them out of their homes into refugee camps across the globe with little resources or support. These camps are often dangerous places, and the threats for major health problems—endemic disease, malnutrition, and so forth—are ever present. The World Health Organization, thus, has a key interest in making sure that the humans living in refugee camps suffer from health problems as little as possible, and that these camps do not become breeding grounds for dangerous epidemics. The goal of this committee is not to eliminate refugee camps altogether but rather create a framework for more favorable health conditions within existing and future camps.